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Biden will mine oil reserves, hoping to drive down gasoline prices.

Energy experts said the release of reserves would have more punch if other countries, such as China, also sold oil from their stockpiles. The International Energy Agency, an organization of more than 30 countries, will meet on Friday and could recommend further releases from national reserves.

Russian oil exports normally account for more than one in every 10 barrels the world consumes. The United States, Britain and Canada have stopped importing Russian oil, and many oil companies and shippers in Europe have voluntarily stopped buying Russian energy products. This has produced a shortfall so far of about three million barrels per day.

The average price of regular gasoline in the United States is $4.23 per gallon, according to AAA, the automobile club. That’s about the same as a week ago, but up 62 cents per gallon last month.

Oil prices had fallen this week after peace talks between Russia and Ukraine showed early signs of progress. Energy traders also fear demand will plummet as China, the world’s biggest oil importer, imposes shutdowns in Shanghai and other places to deal with coronavirus outbreaks.

“The effect on prices will likely be short-term,” David Goldwyn, who was a senior State Department official in the Obama administration, said of Mr. Biden’s announcement. “But part of the benefit of this release is that it will provide a gateway to new physical supply coming online in the second half of this year from the United States, Canada, Brazil and other countries.”

Some environmentalists have criticized the release of the reserve. “Putting more oil on the market is not the solution to our problem but the perpetuation of our problem,” said Mark Brownstein, senior vice president of the Environmental Defense Fund.

But Meghan L. O’Sullivan, director of the Geopolitics of Energy Project at Harvard’s Kennedy School, said releasing reserves to ease shortages would not jeopardize the transition to clean energy. “What the past month has taught us is that if there is no energy security today, the appetite to take tough steps on the path to transition will evaporate,” he said. she declared.

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